This Necklace has the Dervish Kashkul, above which 2 Axes Dervishes Carry Cross each other, & above them is the Name Ali in Arabic. Under the Kashkul or the Bowl is the Zulfiqar Sword of Imam Ali A.S.
A Dervish or Darvesh (from Persian درویش, Darvīsh via Turkish) is someone treading a Sufi Muslim ascetic
path or "Tariqah", known for their extreme poverty and austerity,
similar to mendicant friars in Christianity or Hindu/Buddhist/Jain sadhus.
The Persian word darvīsh (درویش) is of ancient origin and descends from a
Proto-Iranian word that appears in Avestan as drigu-, "needy, mendicant".
The Iranian word is probably further cognate with the Vedic Sanskrit word
adhrigu-, an epithet of uncertain meaning applied to several deities.
The Vedic word is probably to be analysed as a-dhrigu-, that is "not dhrigu-,"
perhaps "not poor", i.e. "rich." The existence of this Vedic cognate suggests
that the institution of the holy mendicant was as prominent among the ancient
Indo-Iranian peoples as it has been historically in later Iran in the form of
dervish brotherhoods and also in India in the form of the various schools of sannyasis.
However, because the etymology of the word is not apparent from the point of view of the
modern Persian language, there have been attempts to make the parts of the word
interpretable in terms of contemporary words and with reference to Sufic mystical concepts.
Dar in Persian means "a door", so Dervish is said to literally mean "one who opens the doors".
The Persian word also gives terms for "ascetic" in some languages, as in the Urdu phrase
darveshaneh tabi'at, "an unflappable or ascetic temperament".
Many Dervishes are mendicant ascetics who have taken a vow of poverty, unlike mullahs. The main reason
they beg is to learn humility, but Dervishes are prohibited to beg for their own good.
They have to give the collected money to other poor people. Others work in common professions;
Egyptian Qadiriyya – known in Turkey as Kadiri – are fishermen, for example.
Some classical writers indicate that the poverty of the Dervish is not merely economic.
Saadi, for instance says in his Gulistan "Ten darweshes may sleep under one blanket,
but one country cannot contain two kings" and Rumi wrttes in Book 1 of his Masnavi
Water that's poured inside will sink the boat
While water underneath keeps it afloat.
Driving wealth from his heart to keep it pure
King Solomon preferred the title 'Poor':
That sealed jar in the stormy sea out there
Floats on the waves because it's full of air,
When you've the air of dervishood inside
You'll float above the world and there abide..
There are various orders of Dervishes, almost all of which trace their origins
from various Muslim saints and teachers, especially Ali and Abu Bakr.
Various orders and suborders have appeared and disappeared over the centuries.
Rifa'iyyah Dervishes spread into North Africa, Turkey, the Balkans, Iran, Pakistan,
India, Afghanistan and Tajikistan.
Other groups include the Bektashis, connected to the janissaries,
and Senussi, who are rather orthodox in their beliefs. Other fraternities
and subgroups chant verses of the Qur'an, play drums or dance vigorously in groups,
all according to their specific traditions. Some practice quiet meditation,
as is the case with most of the Sufi orders in South Asia, many of whom owe
allegiance to, or were influenced by, the Chishti order. Each fraternity uses
its own garb and methods of acceptance and initiation,
some of which may be rather severe.
While commonly the term dervish is used to describe beggars,
a differentiation between mendicant Dervishes and common beggars
can be made:
While they walk around praising the Lord, anyone according to
his own desire may voluntarily drop some coins in it (a kashkul)...
a real dervish who wears the proper robe and carries the kashkul
does not beg, nor does he make any demands.